China places first-time tariff on U.S. crude
By JESSICA SUMMERS AND SHEELA TOBBEN on 8/23/2019
NEW YORK (Bloomberg) - Crude plunged to a two-week low after China announced tariffs on U.S. crude oil for the first time as the trade war between the world’s biggest economies escalated.
Futures fell as much as 3.5% in New York on Friday, erasing this week’s gain. China will impose additional levies on $75 billion of U.S. goods, with tariffs of 5% on American crude. China was the ninth-largest buyer of U.S. crude during the first five months of this year.
Last year, Beijing removed crude from a list of goods targeted for tariffs, signaling the importance of American oil in the global market. The decision to include it now shows how the trade spat has intensified, forcing it to use duties on the strategic commodity as ammunition.
“It’s a direct strike on U.S. crude exports, which is why you are seeing this sort of out-sized reaction,” said John Kilduff, partner at New York-based Again Capital LLC. “China had been an aggressive U.S. crude buyer.”
Top U.S. Oil Buyers
China’s announcement comes as leaders from the Group of Seven nations prepare to meet in France and central bankers gather in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, to discuss issues including fears of a global economic slowdown.
New York-traded crude futures have dropped more than 7% this month as the protracted trade dispute fanned fears about stunted demand. U.S. fuel stockpiles have also increased, aggravating concerns about a potential glut.
West Texas Intermediate crude for October delivery declined $1.46 to $53.89/bbl at 9:46 a.m. on the New York Mercantile Exchange, after falling to as low as $53.40/bbl.
Brent for October delivery dropped $1.01 to $58.91 on the ICE Futures Europe Exchange. Its premium to WTI for the same month traded at $5.02/bbl.
The Chinese tariffs will take effect in stages between Sept. 1 and mid-December, according to the announcement from the Ministry of Commerce. The tariff on U.S. crude will begin next month. This mirrors the timetable the U.S. has laid out for 10% tariffs on nearly $300 billion of Chinese shipments.
While the U.S. isn’t among the biggest crude suppliers to China, America’s shale boom has made it one of the top producers in the world along with Saudi Arabia and Russia. At a time of OPEC output cuts, sanctions that are strangling supplies from Iran and Venezuela, and rising geopolitical tensions in the Middle East, the import-dependent Asian nation needs reliable crude imports to sustain economic growth.
“Escalating trade tension increases the risk of the world moving into recession,” said Giovanni Staunovo, an analyst at UBS Group AG in Zurich. “That could result in even lower oil demand next year, and an even more oversupplied oil market next year.”
由JESSICA SUMMERS和SHEELA TOBBEN于8/23/2019
纽约（彭博社） - 由于全球最大经济体之间的贸易战升级，中国首次公布对美国原油的关税后，原油价格暴跌至两周低点。
“这是对美国原油出口的直接打击，这就是为什么你会看到这种大规模的反应，”总部位于纽约的Again Capital LLC的合伙人约翰基尔杜夫说。 “中国是一个积极的美国原油买家。”
苏黎世瑞银集团（UBS Group AG）分析师乔瓦尼•斯塔诺沃（Giovanni Staunovo）表示，“贸易紧张局势不断升级，增加了世界陷入衰退的风险”。 “这可能导致明年石油需求更低，明年石油市场供应过剩甚至更多。”